An educational resource of the Victory Horticultural Group, LLC


Victory Heirloom Seed Company - Preserving the future, one seed at a time!

 "Preserving the future,
one seed at a time."

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All of our rare and heirloom seeds are public domain, open-pollinated, non-hybrid and chemically untreated. No chemicals, unstable hybrids, patented or genetically engineered seeds!

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The Importance of Good Seed Germination

Planting seeds is said to be an act of faith.  In Henry David Thoreau's work, "Faith In A Seed," he states, "Though I do not believe a plant will spring up where no seed has been, I have great faith in a seed. Convince me that you have a seed there, and I am prepared to expect wonders."

Although some faith is required for gardening, there are also expectations.  If you do your research, prepare your soil in the correct location and in the proper manner, sow at the right time of year, and all other requisite conditions are met, you expect your seeds to grow.  But you must start with good seeds.

If you purchased your seeds from us, you can be sure that the seeds we send you are fresh and meet or exceed seed germination standards (see below).

If you are a seed saver or have a bunch of left over seeds from prior years that have been properly stored, it is generally a good idea to do a simple germination test so you know at what rate to sow or whether the seed is worth planting at all.  Click here for instructions.

Germination Standards from the Federal Seed Act

The germination information provided below are the minimum germination rates for specific seed varieties as set by the U.S. Federal Seed Act.

Sec. 201.31 Germination standards for vegetable seeds in interstate commerce.  The following germination standards for vegetable seeds in interstate commerce, which shall be construed to include hard seed, are determined and established under section 403(c) of the act.  Click here for interesting information about the effects of temperature on germination.


Germ %
Artichoke 60
Asparagus 70
Bean, Asparagus 75
Bean, Fava 75
Bean, Garden 70
Bean, Lima 70
Bean, Runner 75
Beet 65
Broccoli 75
Brussels Sprouts 70
Burdock, Great 60
Cabbage 75
Cabbage, Chinese 75
Cabbage, Tronchuda 70
Cardoon 60
Carrot 55
Cauliflower 75
Celeriac 55
Celery 55
Chard, Swiss 65
Chicory 65
Chives 50
Citron 65
Collards 80
Corn, Sweet 75
Cornsalad 70
Cowpea 75
Cress, Garden 75
Cress, Upland 60
Cress, Water 40
Cucumber 80
Dandelion 60
Dill 60
Eggplant 60
Endive 70
Kale 75
Kale, Chinese 75
Kale, Siberian 75
Kohlrabi 75
Leek 60
Lettuce 80
Melon 75
Mustard, India 75
Mustard, Spinach 75
Okra 50
Onion 70
Onion, Welsh 70
Pak-Choi 75
Parsley 60
Parsnip 60
Pea 80
Pepper 55
Pumpkin 75
Radish 75
Rhubarb 60
Rutabaga 75
Sage 60
Salsify 75
Savory, Summer 55
Sorrel 65
Soybean 75
Spinach 60
Spinach, New Zealand 40
Squash 75
Tomato 75
Tomato, Husk 50
Turnip 80
Watermelon 70

[59 FR 64491, Dec. 14, 1991]


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